Hadith 28

Chapter: Propagating the greetings (salaam) is part of Islam.

‘Ammar said, “Whoever possesses three (characteristics) has attained eemaan: gives other people what is due to them, spreads the greeting (of salaam) to everyone, and spends [in the way of Allah] even when he is poor.”

Qutaibah said that Al-Laith narrated from Yazeed Ibn Abe Habeeb from Abu Al-Khair from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr that a man asked the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم, “What aspect of Islam is best?” He replied, “To feed people and to greet (with salaam) those you know and those you do not know.”

 Ibn Hajar’s Explanation

His saying, “Propagating the greetings (salaam) is part of Islam.”

Propagating the greeting includes doing so openly or secretly, which also coincides with his صلى الله عليه و سلم saying, “to those you know and those you don’t know.” The propagation of salaam was also verified in an earlier narration; however the author (Al-Bukhari) doesn’t repeat narrations unless each was relayed through a different chain of narration. Al-Bukhari uses his ability to extract rulings and interpret narrations in ways that others were not able to accomplish, it is clear that he intended to show that eemaan consists of different branches by dedicating certain chapters to particular branches of eemaan.

His saying, “and spends [in the way of Allah] even when he is poor.”

In the narration, the word ‘Al-Iqtaar’ (الإقتار) means when he has little. Abu Al-Zanad Ibn Siraaj and others said that whoever combines between these three characteristics attains complete eemaan because a person who fulfils the rights (of people) will not fail to fulfill the rights of his lord, which are obligatory upon him, nor will he indulge in what has been prohibited.  Such a person has achieved the pillars of eemaan.  

  • Spreading the greetings (of salaam) is a part of good character and humbleness, and it brings about unity and love.

  • Giving charity in times of hardship proves a high level of generosity. The one who gives (charity) even though he himself is in need, is certain to give even more generously when his wealth increases.  Giving charity is broad; spending on one’s family in ways that are obligatory and/or preferred, and spending for one’s guest and visitors are part of charity. Giving in times of hardship proves trust in Allah and detachment from the worldly life. The wisdom and combination of short expressions carrying extensive and complete meaning are proof of the authenticity of this narration.


2 Responses to “Hadith 28”

  1. this could not have come at a better time for those who cannot give generously in the time of hardship. This is a good reminder to give for a good cause. Rebuilding masjid Alemaan.

  2. this is an excellent explanation to help people detach from wordly possesions and give generously for a good cause…the rebuilding of Masjid Alemaan.

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