Hadith 4

Jabir bin ‘Abdullah Al-Ansari narrated, while he was talking about the period of pause in revelation, the speech of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم “While I was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the cave of Hira’ sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I became frightened from him and came back (home) and said, ‘Wrap me (in blankets).’ And then Allah revealed the following Holy Verses (of Quran):

{يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ، قُمْ فَأَنْذِرْ} إلى {وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ}

‘O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up in garments!’ Arise and warn (the people against Allah’s Punishment),… until the verse ‘and desert the idols.’ (74.1-5) After this the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and regularly.”

The mention of a period of pause in the revelation, and then his saying “the same angel who had visited me at the cave of Hira’” is proof that Al-Muddathir (المدثر) was revealed after Iqraa’ (اقرأ).

The Prophet’s صلى الله عليه و سلم saying, “I became frightened from him” (فرعبت منه)

This indicates that he صلى الله عليه و سلم still had some fear that had slowly dwindled away since the first time he saw the angel.

The Prophet’s saying, “Wrap me (in blankets)” (زملوني)

In one narration he صلى الله عليه و سلم repeated, “Wrap me (in blankets)” twice, whereas in the narrations recorded by Al-Aseele and Kareema he said it only once.  In the narration of Yunus, he (the prophet) صلى الله عليه و سلم said “Cover me (in blankets)” (دثروني) so

يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ –  قُمْ فَأَنذِرْ

O you who covers himself [with a garment]. Arise and warn!” (74:1-2)

was revealed, meaning warn those who don’t believe in you about the punishment.

وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّرْ

And your Lord glorify

Meaning praise or exalt.

وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ

And your clothing purify”

Meaning from impurity, it has also been said that it means to purify the ‘nafs’ or self by avoiding shortcoming.  The ‘Rujz’ mentioned in the following verse is the idols as will be clarified in the narrators explanation.  Linguistically ‘Rujz’ means punishment, and the idols have been called ‘Rujz’ because they lead to punishment.

The Prophet’s saying, After this the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and regularly.”

The Wahi began to come to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم frequently after this incident.  And his saying also indicates that previous to that point there had been a period of interruption or slowdown in the revelation, although it did not stop altogether.  So beginning with this incident the Wahi became stronger and more frequent.  ‘Urwah added in his narration that Khadija died before the prayer (salat) became obligatory, yet the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم  said, “I saw, for Khadija, a home built from pearls having no commotion in it or exhaustion.”  Bukhari said, the meaning of (قصب) is pearls.  There will be more regarding this matter when we speak of the virtues of Khadija, and further explanation of this hadith with the tafseer of,

{اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ}

“Recite in the name of your Lord who created”


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