Hadith 6

Ibn Abbass said that Allah’s messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم was the most generous of all the people and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Jibriel met him. Jibriel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur’an. Allah’s messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم was the most generous person, even more generous (faster) than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds).

His saying, “Allah’s messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم was the most generous of all the people”

Meaning the most generous in giving charity, and this is a praiseworthy characteristic. At-Tirmithi recorded a narration reported by Sa’ad, “Verily, Allah is generous and loves generosity.” In a similar narration, Anas said, “The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was the most courageous of the people and the most generous of the people.”

His saying, “and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan.”

Some said that the wisdom is that the increased study and revision of the Quran during Ramadan renews the prosperity of the soul which in turn leads to increased generosity (and good doing in general).   Technically or in the Shariah the word (جود) generosity means giving what is due to whom it is due, and it is more general than Sadaqah.  Also Ramadan is the season of good, when the blessings of Allah upon his servants are increased,  So the Prophet used to favor the Sunnah (way) of Allah in dealing with the servants of Allah.  So this combination of the preferred time (Ramadan) and the increased revision of the Quran during that time resulted in an increase in generosity.

His saying, “Allah’s messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم was the most generous person, even more generous (faster) than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds).”

His hasting and speed to be generous was faster than the wind.  The strong wind was used as a comparison due to its sustained blowing which is a mercy, and indicating that his generosity benefits all in his path as the wind touches all that is in its path.   Imam Ahmad recorded in his narration of this same hadith, “He صلى الله عليه و سلم was not asked anything except that he gave it.”  This addition is authentic as it was also recorded in the hadith of Jabir, “The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم never declined when he was asked.”  An-Nawawi mentioned benefits of this hadith as follows;

  • Encouragement to be generous at all times

  • The virtue of increased generosity during Ramadan

  • The virtue of increased reading of the Quran during Ramadan because it is the best type or remembrance (of Allah), had normal remembrances (Athkar) been equal to the recitation of the Quran then he صلى الله عليه و سلم would have done that.

Also, this is an indication that the beginning of the revelation of the Quran was in Ramadan, because the descending of the Quran to the 1st heaven during Ramadan is verified by the hadith of Ibn Abbass.  Jibriel used to come to the Prophet during Ramadan and review with him all that was revealed since the previous Ramadan, and during the last year of the Prophet’s life صلى الله عليه و سلم Jibriel reviewed the Quran with him twice during Ramadan as was reported by Fatimah, and this is the relevance of placing this hadith in this chapter (The Beginning of the Revelation).

 


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